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Category Archives: Garden

Vertical Garden

Vertical gardening is an ideal option for those staying in city areas, where agricultural land is limited. Plants can be trained for growing vertically by making use of suitable supports or frames. As plants grow upright naturally, training plants to extend upwards is not so difficult. The basic principle of vertical garden is more or less similar to hydroponics. The plant root system is supported with a fibrous material that is supplemented with plant nutrients. Watering the plants is done via the support material.

This kind of a garden can be created and maintained indoors as well as outdoors. Many times, vertical spaces are left in the traditional method of gardening. Let’s take an example of a vegetable garden where wide spaces are left between the vegetable rows. These spaces can be used to plant crops or other vegetables.

The first and foremost step is to select a proper location. The location should be such, that it does not shade out other plants. There should be optimum sunlight for the plants in the vertical garden. Hence, considering these factors, you should orient the vertical supports in a proper direction.

To ensure long-term benefits, always opt for a metallic frame or support. Vertical gardening requires more water than the traditional way of gardening. In order to reduce moisture evaporation and retain water in the soil, it is always advisable to practice mulching. Mulching also helps in supplying additional plant nutrients.

Another basic tip is to train the plants, otherwise there are chances of the plants spreading in an unmanageable manner. If necessary, you can trim the plants without disturbing the root system. While doing so, also make sure that the overall growth of the plants is not affected.

In order to have easy access to all plants, you can make use of a ladder. This will help you in maintaining the plants and pruning (if necessary). When the plants achieve full growth, you can fasten them to the support or structure to prevent falling. Twine is a good option for tying the plants. Few vegetables that can be grown successfully are tomatoes, cucumbers, and bell peppers. For decoration purposes, you can consider planting ivy plants.

One of the major advantages of vertical gardening is harvesting maximum products in a minimum space.

  • Some of the highly spreading plants (e.g. vining winter squash) can be grown effectively in a vertical garden.
  • This type of gardening is best suited for plants that require maximum sunlight.
  • Plants grown in a vertical garden are less accessible to diseases and pests.
  • Easy access to ripe fruits and vegetables, hence crop harvesting or cultivation is easier.
  • It provides adequate aeration to the plants.
  • Vertical gardening increases the beauty of the garden.

In addition, it can be used to create privacy screen and to cover an unattractive structure. People who are disabled can opt for vertical gardening, as it requires minimum bending. Overall, the yield of vertical gardening is higher than traditional plantation methods.

Ideas for Decorating a Garden

Some necessary elements for decoration are patio furnishing and heaters, stone bird baths, mosaic stepping stones, and garden containers. Walkways are an essential part of garden decoration. According to your taste and need, you can use various materials such as bronze, stone, and glass. Supportive elements like trellises and bowers made of bamboo, plastic, cane or wood can be the best options for climber and trailer plants.

Garden furniture plays a vital role in enhancing the look of the whole landscape. Decorate the garden with classic wooden or metal chairs and benches that are comfortable to sit on. Loungers can be placed to enjoy nature’s tranquility while sitting around the flowers. Besides, swing seats and parasols can be the best options to give a sterling look to your garden. Decorating with stone sculptures and wind chimes can give it an authentic look. Placing beautiful statues of bronze or marble, and adding a few dragon statues among stone sculptures can give an antique aura to your property.

No garden is complete without water features. These can be in the form of a pond, pool, or a water fountain. These water features allow you to create a calm and cool atmosphere in the garden. Apart from these, you can decorate your garden with water containers by growing lilies, water hyacinths, and water lettuces. Small goldfish swimming in the water can enhance the look of the container. Multicolored garden flags and attractive gazing balls are popular decoration items. These are available in varied sizes and colors, and can be changed as and when required.

Some Handy Tips

  • One can flaunt his/her creativity by placing aesthetic pieces of marbles around the plants or pond, and can decorate them with grass. This will give the garden a realistic look.
  • To enhance the look and feel of the garden, place statues at the entrance and exit gates of your garden,
  • Gazebos should be placed to provide shade and to give it a comfy look.
  • Decorative wind chimes can be added to give an aesthetic look.

These are some decorating ideas that can give a mesmerizing ambiance to your garden. Make sure you purchase high-quality and durable items that are made of water-proof material. These beautifully crafted decorations will make you feel proud of that open space around your house.

Ideas for Small Gardens

Here are some ideas and tips for decorating and turning it into a truly relaxing and scenic space:

Plan Before you Start

There are many ways of beautifying your small garden. But, the ideas and designs must be chosen so as to suit your needs. Firstly, consider the purpose of having it. Will you be using it for outdoor entertainment, relaxing, exercising, or you don’t have any plans to sit outdoors and want to purely beautify it, so that it embraces your house? Accordingly, you can add the necessary elements. Remember that, while you add the necessary decor, it must be such that that it also works as a beautifying element.

Add the Privacy Factor

Before you start adding the other elements, work on making it a perfect garden of your house. Fencing it in a proper way will make it a well-defined space with boundaries. You can choose a fence design that can add more privacy. Deciding its height rightly is also important. In case you have a common fence, which is not just happening, you can simply cover it up. For this, all you need is garden trellis and a few climbing plants. Fix this trellis against that common fencing, and train the climbing plants to grow up and cover that not-so-attractive fence.

Have Classy Garden Furniture

You can choose from a number of types and varieties available for the same in the market. The popularly used furniture is that in wicker or cast iron. Cast iron furniture is one of the best ideas on a budget. Basically, these have sleek rods, design structures, and open frame, which make them suitable for small gardens. These do not occupy much space and can be easily moved whenever required. A set of 2 – 4 chairs and a table, depending upon the available space, is a good idea. You can have two chairs and a table and further, add a fireplace, as well. This set up can occupy one corner. Even, if you won’t be spending much time here chatting or relaxing, you must at least have a single relaxing chair.

Garden Beautification

While beautifying it, you might consider having various garden ornaments and implementing interesting yard art. Make sure that you do not add too much of ornaments that will occupy a lot of space and make it look even smaller. One of the ideas is to add a few large and bold items, instead of adding too many small pieces. If you have an asymmetric garden with a narrow area in between, you can have a small bridge here and add rocks below and around its base. You can also consider having a small pond. One of the best ideas is to have a fountain at the center and grace it with an amazing base structure. Apart from these, you can also consider having one of the various sculptures to play up the area. Be it human figures, animals, a large vase, pots, or designer sculptures, these are sure to add ultimate style to this small area.

Apart from the green grass covering the space, do not add too much of plants. A theme garden is a good idea to opt for. You can consider having a flower one, with a single type of flowers and/or single-colored flowers, spanning the entire space for the ultimate look. Having a garden mirror against the fence is awesome to add the finishing touch to the area. This will also make it look larger. Finally, consider various outdoor lighting to illuminate these in the best way and also make it look larger and give it a grand appearance.

Automatic Plant Watering Systems

Nowadays, there are very few homes without plants. There are many plant enthusiasts, who keep on buying different varieties and end up with no time to take care of them. One of the main aspects of plant care is watering, which has to be done regularly. While some people get fed up with manual watering, others do not have enough time for this task. Automatic watering systems can be of immense help for such people. You can either make some simple, homemade automatic plant watering systems, or purchase one that is best suited for you.

By installing an automatic watering system, you can do away with the task of watering plants manually. There are various types of plant watering systems that store and supply water to the plants, automatically. You may go for simple ones or more sophisticated systems, according to your needs. There are many types of watering systems, designed for both indoor and outdoor potted plants, as well as flower gardens. In short, such systems take care of the water requirements of plants and eliminates manual watering totally.

Different Types

You can even make an automatic plant watering system from materials used for household purposes. Take a few plastic containers. Clean them well, and make two to three small holes on their bottom. Fill the containers with water and set them in the dirt, next to the plant. If the soil is wet, very little amount of water will be absorbed from the containers; and as the soil gets dry, more water will be absorbed. Likewise, you can make such simple automatic plant watering devices using easily available materials.

Even commercial automatic watering systems come in various types. There are stand-alone systems, which come with pots and water reservoirs. The water reservoirs too, are available in different patterns. Such systems may or may not have timers. They take care of the water requirements of individual plants. There are multiple plant watering systems, that can take care of a certain number of plants, simultaneously. These systems constitute water tanks, pipes that supply water from the tank to individual plants, and drips attached to the end of each pipe.

For a garden, sprinklers and drip systems with timers are available. Even ground sensors are used in some sophisticated versions. If you install such a system, watering will be done, whenever the ground gets dry. While some of watering systems work on battery power, some others require household electricity. Each type of plant watering system has its own features, which have to be understood, beforehand. Select the one, which is best suited for your requirement.

In short, automatic plant watering systems can be very useful for those, who don’t have time to water their plants, and also for those are going on a vacation. Such watering systems can be of great help for conserving water.

The Benefits of Rain Gardens

Rain gardening is crucial for maintaining a better and healthy water surrounding in our living area. Here are some vital benefits of rain gardens.

Gives Us a Beautiful Home: Rain gardens with variety of plants add to the exterior beauty of homes. Whenever you step outside, it is a great feeling to see a well managed, beautiful rain garden adding calmness and freshness to the surroundings. It has a great sense of aesthetic appeal.

Eliminates Risks of Unclean Drinking Water: When runoff water is not allowed to flow through the storm drains and pollute the lakes or water bodies in surrounding areas, water quality is maintained. No harmful pesticides or chemicals from the lawns flow along with the storm water to pollute rivers.

Helps in Restoring Underground Water Level: Local and regional underground aquifers or underground water levels are recharged with water, as the water seeps into the ground after being soaked by the soil.

Lowers Flooding and Drainage Problems: As aforementioned, runoffs lead to flooding and worst drainage problems in communities. Rain garden plantations can help us avoid problems like that.

No Mosquito Breeding: Stagnant water in driveways, rooftops is a haven for mosquito growth. When water is filtered through the soil and is soaked in the ground, there are no issues of mosquito threat.

Promotes Valuable Habitat: Butterflies, birds and insects are vital in the ecosystem chain. Beautiful rain gardens becomes a thriving place for them thereby helping in maintenance of ecosystem.

Prepare Us for Drought Seasons: For drought prone area or in places where water shortage is an issue, rain gardens are very beneficial as the underground water level is not lowered due to recharging with filtered water.

Easy to Maintain, Inexpensive Too: Rain gardens requires little care and effort to be maintained. Besides that they are relatively inexpensive. You needn’t plant anything special but the native vegetation.

Rain gardens are certainly a great choice for all gardening lovers and homeowners. Ask a group of three to four friends or family members to provide some labor and your rain garden will be ready without any mega efforts. If such little efforts and planning can help us to save our water bodies and build a healthy environment, it is the right time to incorporate them in our homes.

Planning a Partial Shade Garden

To plan for a partial shade garden, first you need to prepare a layout for the garden. Once you have a layout ready, you need to make sure if this layout will work for your garden. Sometimes we make ambitious plans for landscaping a garden but it does not translate into what we have envisioned due to lack of space. Given below are some important aspects of planning a partial shade garden.

Decide on a Layout
One of the most important aspect in planning a partial shade garden is the layout of the garden. Avoid over formal layout for the garden as a natural meandering appearance looks more attractive in case of a shade garden. Design a layout that looks organic with different heights of bushes and shrubs nestled in rows to create demarcation. Flowering plants should be planted in flower beds that have a more informal shape like an oval or kidney shape for best results. Partial shade garden layouts that also incorporate the big trees that grows in the area, works well too. While designing a shade garden layout, it is best that you work with the natural slope of your property.

Decide on Garden Size
The size of the garden should be such that it is pleasing to the eye and it is in scale with the property. A very large shade garden is difficult to take care of, particularly if you are planning to do all the gardening work yourself. A 10 by 12 feet garden layout is big enough to allow you to come up with a great design but small enough for you to take care of the plants and flowers. The garden plan size for partial shade should be such that it appears proportional to the height and scale of the house.

Choose Shade Loving Plants
Of course, the key to a successful garden plan for partial shade is to choose the right shade loving plants. There is not much point in planning garden layouts and other garden accessories if the flowers and bushes that are planted in the garden fail to grow and bloom. Some of the best shade loving plants are red twig dogwood, impatiens, hydrangea and periwinkle. You can also choose Japanese pieris, fuchsia and ligularia. Another no-fail shade loving plant is hostas. Hostas comes in a variety of colors and textures which makes it an ideal plant to grow in a garden that receives partial sunlight.

Add Interesting Garden Accessory
To make your shade garden look more interesting, add a focal point to the garden by using beautiful garden accessories. A bird bath or a water fountain makes a wonderful addition to the garden. Plant a lovely flower bed or mid height bushes around the water feature to give the garden more pizazz. A small wooden bench and split rail fence can also be incorporated into the garden to add accent to the partial shade garden.

Coming up with a garden plan for a garden that receives partial sunlight is not difficult. Showcase flowering plants as well as bushes and shrubs that thrive in the shade. For a partial shade garden plan to be successful, you need to make sure that all the elements from plants, flower beds and garden accessories are in harmony.

Different Types Of Fast Growing Vines

Trumpet Creeper Vines

These vines attract a lot of insects and hummingbirds. Their growth takes place too quickly, and therefore, it is necessary to keep them in control. It is one of the fastest growing flowering vines, which produces reddish-orange blooms that are brightly-colored. Their blooming season is a long one.

Honeysuckle Vines

These vines are sometimes exclusively grown for privacy which can survive in very less amount of water. The honeysuckle vines are drought-tolerant in nature. Just like trumpet creeper vines, these too attract desirable insects and hummingbirds. They are also used for building nests by birds.

Five-leaf Akebia

The Five-leaf Akebia is also known as ‘chocolate vine’ and grows up to a height of 10 meters. These vine plants attain healthy growth in full sunlight. They are characterized by a blue-green colored foliage that is normally oval in shape. They act as an evergreen plant in warm climatic zones, while in cool regions, they exhibit a deciduous nature.

Wisteria Vines

This has a hardy nature and looks beautiful in the flowering season. The American Wisteria is suitable for being grown in northern America. Chinese and Japanese Wisteria are commonly grown in southern USA.

Silver Lace Vine

Amongst the different types of vines found in nature, the Silver Lace Vine is one of the most important and fast growing perennial vines. These vines grow up to a height of 15 meters and have a bright green foliage. The fragrant flowers produced by this vine have colors ranging from green to white. The fast growth of these vines takes places by means of rhizomes.

Clematis Armandii

It is a fast growing vine which climbs up to the height of 20 feet. The Clematis Armandii grows over an area of 5 feet. White-colored, star-shaped flowers, is its specialty. These take the support of walls, poles, etc., by means of leaf stems.

Fast Growing Vines for Trellis

The vines to be grown for trellis are an annual plant species which grow quickly. Within a period of few months, these vines spread over the given surface. Morning glory, cypress vines, moonflower, cardinal climber, etc., are few varieties. The morning glory can be seen in different colors like blue, white, and red. It is known to spread quickly and on a variety of surfaces. Therefore, it can be used as a fence vine. Moonflower vine, as the name suggests, is nocturnal, and bears fragrant flowers. The flowering season starts from summer and lasts till the fall. The vines can be used to cover trellises, chain link fences, and poles.

Common Mistakes Must Avoid While Planting Trees

Planting a tree and caring for it can be an intimidating as well as enriching experience. There are innumerable things to be done to keep the plant alive and maintain its healthy growth throughout. But, there is no need to be wary about your limited knowledge about gardening and nursery skills because a few basic tips will get you through the process and help you achieve success in your task.

To know precisely what you should do while planting trees, it is always important to know what not to do and eliminate those mistakes beforehand. And trust me, these are really the basic mistakes that can be easily avoided. This will give you confidence of doing the right things and won’t put your plant’s life at stake while you are attempting a trial and error technique. So take a look at the following “not to do” things with illustrations and learn the right things from them.

Selecting an Unhealthy Plant

You may say that this is a pretty obvious thing and why is this mentioned here. However sometimes, we tend to overlook these obvious but important things while choosing a plant. If the bark of the plant you are selecting has cracks, cuts, or is discolored, then do not think of purchasing that plant. The plant must have a single trunk and extremely strong, lateral branching for considering it healthy. Remember to inspect the stems and buds for any signs of disease, injury, or insects on the plant. The leaves are also good primary indicators of the health of the plant and should not be yellowish or brownish in color.

Improper Root System

Healthy root system is equal to a healthy tree. The root ball should be of the appropriate size; for every inch of the tree diameter, the root ball should be 10 to 12 inches. Look for girdling or pot-bound roots. If there are too many spiraling roots, they can be harmful for the tree, and hence, they need to be cut down before planting the tree. If there are girdling roots wrapped around the trunk, even on one side, they should be removed as these roots can block the tissues responsible for water and oxygen supply to the tree and may lead to the death of the plant.

Improper Planting Location

Different species require different planting locations and not being able to choose the correct location may be detrimental for the tree. Some soils are not conducive for sustaining some trees; hence, having a soil test before finalizing the planting location would be wiser. This will help you determine the soil pH and the kind of fertilizers that are necessary for the plant. The type of soil on the planting sight will affect the selection of plant species. If the site has heavy clay soil, then you will need moisture-tolerant trees. On the other hand, if the soil is extremely sandy, drought-tolerant trees would survive better in these areas.

Digging a Wrong Hole

A too deep or too narrow hole is unhealthy for a plant’s growth. Digging a hole deeper than the root ball may result in drowning of the roots. The tree should not be planted too deep in the soil, because when the stem that is above the root system comes in contact with the soil, it rots and results in death of the plant. To avoid this, the soil line on all trees–whether potted or bare-rooted–should be approximately 1 inch above the top lateral root of the plant.

Moreover, if the hole is dug too deep, the roots don’t get adequate oxygen supply, resulting in improper growth of the plant. On the other hand, a narrow hole won’t allow the roots to expand and support the plant firmly. This may weaken the tree and its ability to withstand unfavorable weather conditions. Ideally, the planting hole for a tree should be twice as wide and deep as the root ball.

Improper Handling of the Plant

This is one of the crucial points while planting a tree because this is the time when you will be handling the tree to transfer it from its current container to a new place. The plant comes to you in three forms: (i) Bare root; (ii) Balled and Burlapped; and (iii) Container-grown. All these types differ from each other, and hence, they need to be handled differently while transplanting them. Handling them haphazardly may lead to poor growth or even death of the plant. A general rule to handle the plant is not to hold it by the trunk as it can get damaged; always pick it up by the root ball or the container.

When transplanting container-grown trees, separate them gently from the container; if that’s difficult, cut away the container with gardening scissors or any other suitable tool.

While planting burlapped trees, decide whether you want to keep some of the burlap or remove it completely. The natural burlap will loosen up with time, but if it is plasticized, remove it right away completely.

The most delicate of all are the bare root plants and need utmost care while planting. They need to be planted as soon as possible while the roots are still moist. Also, it is important to inspect the roots for several lengths of fine root hair. The color of the roots also plays an important role; they should be white in color and if they have a brownish shade, know that they are getting damaged.

Over Mulching

The main objective of mulching is to protect the roots of the tree and maintain moisture in the soil. It also protects the tree from harsh climatic conditions and promotes healthy establishment of the newly planted trees. Over mulching may create too much moisture around the tree and cause damage to the roots. On the other hand, inadequate mulching may amount to less moisture, resulting in dryness around the roots. Also, the type of mulch will depend on the plant species and soil type of your garden. There are varieties of organic and inorganic mulches available to choose from.

Improper Watering

It has been found that most of the newly planted trees die because of too much watering than that is required. This usually happens to the heavy clay soils, and due to excess water, the roots feel suffocated. Although the watering system depends on the soil type and the species, there is a general method for watering all plants. The first watering session should be soon after planting, then on the next day, and again after days.

To be more precise, during summer, the balled and burlapped trees planted in clay soils should be watered once in 7 to 10 days and if planted in sandy soils, they should be watered once in a week. On the other hand, container-grown trees tend to dry out faster during summer and need more water to stay healthy.

Not Staking the Plant

Staking is mainly done to anchor the root ball of the plant and not intended to restrict the movement of the stem or canopy. If the plant is not staked, it will amount to breakage of the newly developed roots and damage to the root ball. However, certain small trees and the ones grown in protected areas may not require staking. The trees that are tall and stand in high windy regions need to be staked. Although, researches have claimed that staking can be damaging to the tree, if done properly, it outweighs the disadvantages.

Growing a Vegetable Garden In Containers

Having home-grown vegetables for lunch or dinner is a very satisfying experience. However, not everyone has the space to create a vegetable garden, especially city-dwellers who live in apartments. In such cases, vegetable container gardening is a very good option. Firstly, it lets you grow your own vegetables, and secondly, you can be sure that the vegetables you are eating are fresh and healthy. Doing this is actually quite easy, and if you choose the right vegetables and herbs to plant, along with the proper containers to plant them in, you can have a thriving vegetable garden, indoors.

When you decide to grow your own vegetables indoors, you should choose only those that thrive in small spaces and produce a good yield. You should also select the containers and decide where to place them, so that your vegetables grow better.

Choosing the Right Container
It is very important to choose a container that provides good drainage, and is big enough to support the weight of the plant. Containers made out of terracotta, plastic, or wood, work well for this type of gardening. However, you can be innovative and use old plastic bottles, plastic milk jugs, old, chipped teapots and sugar bowls, or empty cans, as containers. You can also use wooden boxes and crates, as well as empty barrels. Just make sure that these containers provide adequate drainage, otherwise there will be water logging and the plants will rot.

Choosing the Right Soil
After you have decided the containers that you will be using, it is time to select the soil. Any good-quality potting soil can be used. It should be fairly lightweight, with a good mixture of sand and soil that will allow easy drainage. Clay soil should not be used as it absorbs too much water, which results in the roots of the vegetables receiving very less air. Organic compost should be added to the soil mixture so that the plants receive adequate nutrients. Good-quality potting soil can be purchased from any gardening center or local nursery.

Choosing the Right Vegetables to Grow
Always select vegetables that thrive in small spaces. You can grow green salad leaves like lettuce, endive, spinach, and rocket leaves, or vegetables like baby carrots, cherry tomatoes, vine tomatoes, baby potatoes, chilies, and beans. These plants do not require too much sunlight, and hence grow well indoors. Many dwarf varieties of plants like gherkins, baby corns, and snow peas, are also great for growing in a container. Other vegetables that are easy to grow and thrive in containers are squash, eggplant, radishes, beetroot, peppers, and cucumbers.

Square Foot Garden

The first garden of this type was prepared using an open-bottomed box for holding the soil in a limited space. Area of the garden is further divided into squares by means of a grid. These squares serve the purpose of incorporating a variety of different plants into the garden. Various plants have different space requirements. Needs of crops that are commonly grown are presented below.

  • Tomato: A tomato plant just like basil, oregano and similar other herbs require a whole square for healthy growth.
  • Strawberry: Four strawberry plants can easily be grown in a square.
  • Radish: As many as sixteen radish plants can be accommodated in a single square.

After popularizing the concept of square foot gardening through first edition of his book, ‘All new Square Foot Gardening’, Mel Bartholomew discussed the topic of controlling weeds in the second edition. He introduced the technique of using ‘weed barrier’. A weed barrier should be placed beneath the box in which cultivation is carried out. The weed barrier is filled with a special mixture called ‘Mel’s mix’ that contains equal proportions of sphagnum moss, vermiculite and compost.

Square Foot Garden Plan
The plan for such gardens includes preparing a 4 feet x 4 feet soil bed. The bed has to be divided into sections measuring one square foot each by means of a grid. A pathway that is wide enough for a person to walk around the garden should be prepared. Twines or sticks are used as grids in the garden. As stated earlier, different plants have differing needs and therefore, the square is divided into appropriate number of squares. However, for plants like cucumber, frames are installed in squares which aid the plant in growing vertically. For growing tubers like potatoes, the square is provided with a side that is one foot tall. Plantation is carried out on the surface of soil bed.

Maintenance and Care
Plants grown in a square garden absorb nutrients only from the raised bed and not the soil beneath. Hence, it advisable to add a little amount of compost to maintain the fertility of soil.

Square foot gardens offer lot more benefits than those designed in a conventional manner; the latter require more space, effort and time for gardening. Let us have a look at the benefits of this form of gardening through points listed below.

  • Soil used in these gardens should be light in texture; it has to be rich in nutrients. Using such type of soil for gardening reduces expenses on fertilizers. Since chemical fertilizers are not at all used for this type of gardening, the ‘soil health’ also is maintained.
  • The ‘culture’ or soil used for growing plants in a square garden holds more water and watering should therefore, be done manually; it helps in retaining more water than in other irrigation methods. This way, the wastage water is minimized to a great extent.
  • Vegetables are planted closely in square foot gardens and hence, weeds don’t get enough space to grow. It helps in carrying out weed control automatically.
  • The methodology of ‘companion planting’ is incorporated in this form of gardening; it means that plants are grown close to each other. This helps control pests and diseases organically.

Square foot gardening is a nice way to enjoy the gardening activity. It has proved to be a successful way of gardening in a wide topographical range and varied climatic conditions; from arid deserts to cramped spaces in urban areas the square foot method of indoor gardening has proved to be a great success. This form of gardening is thus, not only economical and easy to maintain, but has wider applicability and adds to the beauty of your backyard.